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Dilwara temples is a temple complex, consisting of five shrines, beautiful temples dedicated to the five Jain tirtankaram:
1. Temple Shri Mahavir Swami was built in 1582 and is dedicated to Lord Mahavira, the 24th tirtankare, this small temple has an interesting pictures on the upper walls.
2. Temple Shri Adinath or Vimal Vasah. This temple was built by Vimal Schah, Minister of Solanika dynasty from Gujarat in 1031. It is the oldest temple complex, which is dedicated to the first tirtankare Adinath. There is an open courtyard in the temple, surrounded by corridors and many beautiful paintings.
3. Temple Shri Parshavnath or Kartar Vasah was built by members of family Mandik in 1458-59. The temple is the highest of the local temples, the columns are decorated with intricate carvings typical for Jain temples.
4. Temple Shri Rishabdao Ji or Pitalhar is called that way because most of the statues in the temple are made of metal with alloy of copper (Pittal). The temple was built by Bhim Shah, Minister of Gujarati dynasty.
5. Sri Nemnath Ji or Moon Vasah Temple was built in 1230 by two brothers named Tedzhpal and Vastupal, whom dedicated it to 22-nd Jain saint Shri Nemi Nath Ji. There is a hall with 360-th tirtankar tiny figures made of marble in the temple.
Dilwara temples are located in formerly called Devakulapatak or Devalapatak, which means the city of temples.
Gaumukh temple was built on a hill with breathtaking views. People come here from across the country to meditate. The territory of the temple is covered with greenery, and here it is better to come while the weather is dry. The temple is dedicated to Saint Vashishta. It is believed that he has created four major Rajput clans, having made a fire ceremony yagna agnikund. Gaumukh translates as “cow’s swallows” and has a source, beating from the mouth of marble cow.
Adhar Devi is another popular temple, located 3 km away from north of Mount Abu in the cave. The ancient temple was built on the rock, if you want get there, you need to overcome a large staircase with 365 steps. This temple is popular not only among tourists, but also among the Indian pilgrims.
Guru Shikhar is the highest point of Mount Abu (1722 m above sea level), located in 15 kilometers away from Mount Abu. There is also a temple of Atri Rishi, another pilgrim center of Mount Abu.
Fort Achalgarh is located 8 km away from the city, which was founded by Rana Kumbha Mewar in the fourteenth century. There is a temple of Lord Shiva and a few Jain temples such as Achaleshvar Mahadev (1412) and Kantinath (1513).
The name of this lake has a curious origin. The word “Nakki” means “fingernails”, it is believed that the lake was dug by hands of the Gods. This tiny lake with several islands that can be reached by boat, lies in the hills. Nearby is Teud Rock (rock of toad), Nun Rock (rock of nun), etc. This is the only artificial lake in India situated at an altitude of 1200 m above sea level.
Mount Abu is situated at an altitude of 1220 meters above sea level and is the highest point, crossing Rajasthan, of Aravali mountain range. The resort is also a popular place of pilgrimage for Jains and Rajputs. This sacred mountain is located near the southern edge of the Aravali mountain range. The city is surrounded by dense forests and lush greenery, and looks like an oasis of arid Thar Desert. Mount Abu is located between the states of Gujarat and Rajasthan.
In the center of the resort is Nakki Lake, a place which the gods, according to the legends, scraped with nails (nakh). The resort is popular, especially among the Indian tourists, who consider holidays in the mountains very romantic and spend their honeymoon here. It is believed that in this place Holy Vashishta fire held the ceremony yagna agnikund, creating so, four Rajput clans.
Europeans have come to Mount Abu for exploring the local Jain temples, which are considered the best in Rajasthan.
This is the adobe of the famous Gurjars –the mountain Arbuda (Abu Parvat / Mount Abu). Gurjars associate with the mountains can be seen in many inscriptions and epigraphs including Tilakamanjari of Dhanpala. These Gurjars migrated from Arbuda mountains region and in the sixth century they founded one or more principalities in Rajasthan and Gujarat.
Almost all or most of Rajasthan and Gujarat was known as Gurjaratra (country ruled by Gurjars) or Gurjarabhumi (Gurjars’ land) for centuries before the coming to power of the Great Mughal Empire.
Lumba of Deora-Chauhan dynasty conquered Mount Abu in 1311 and brought the end to the rule of the Parmars, and also marked the decline of Mount Abu. He moved the capital to Chandravati plains. After the destruction of Chandravati in 1405, Rao Shasmal made Sirohi his headquarters. Later it was leased to the British government by Maharajas Sirohi for usage as headquarters resident to Rajputana (another name for Rajasthan).